Comparative Study on Consumption of Fibre Rich Foods in Urban and Rural Areas of Southwestern Bangladesh

Shamima Nasrin *

Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI), Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Md. Abdul Mannan

Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh.

Mst Anika Akther

Department of Food and Nutrition, KCC Women’s College Khulna, Bangladesh.

Zinia Afroz

Department of Food and Nutrition, KCC Women’s College Khulna, Bangladesh.

Mashfiqur Rahman

Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

Kamrul Islam

Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI), Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Bangladesh is facing a large burden of non-communicable diseases. As a possible remedy, the WHO/FAO recommends 14 g of fiber for every 1000 calories in daily diet; however, only a small proportion of the population practices this. The present study sets out to detect the situation about knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of dietary fiber rich food of urban and rural people. This comparative study represents the fiber rich food consumption in urban and rural areas of Khulna region in 2021. This study was conducted among 100 peoples of selected areas. This study also shows that among the rural people, the tendency of buying dietary fiber containing foods and intake of fresh dietary fiber foods is higher than urban. Results reveal that, about 96% of urban and 94% of rural people intake fibrous food. Among them, about 90% of urban and 82% of rural people like fiber food. There is no doubt that fibrous food is good for health and here 80% urban and 50% rural people know it. About 78% urban people know that fibrous food keeps weight in control, 80% knows it controls constipation. About 98% urban and 88% rural people keeps good knowledge about contaminated food. The higher proportion people in urban areas like and regularly intake fibrous food in their daily food habit by comparing the consumption of fibrous food in rural and urban areas. Now a day’s rural people are conscious about intake of fibrous food.

Keywords: Consumption, fibrous foods, rural, urban

How to Cite

Nasrin, S., Mannan, M. A., Akther, M. A., Afroz , Z., Rahman , M., & Islam, K. (2024). Comparative Study on Consumption of Fibre Rich Foods in Urban and Rural Areas of Southwestern Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Food Research and Nutrition, 3(3), 449–456. Retrieved from


Download data is not yet available.


Saghafian F, Sharif N, Saneei P, Keshteli AH, Hosseinzadeh-Attar MJ, Afshar H, Esmaillzadeh A, Adibi P. Consumption of dietary fiber in relation to psychological disorders in adults. Front Psychiatry. 2021;24:12:587468. Available:

Li YO, Komarek AR. Dietary fibre basics: health, nutrition, analysis, and applications. Food Quality and Safety. 2017;1(1):47-59. Available:

Xu H, Li S, Song X, Li Z, Zhang D. Exploration of the association between dietary fiber intake and depressive symptoms in adults. Nutrition. 2018;54:48–53. Available:

Gangwisch JE, Hale L, Garcia L, Malaspina D, Opler MG, Payne ME. High glycemic index diet as a risk factor for depression: analyses from the Women's Health Initiative. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2015;102:454–63. Available:

Kim TH, Choi Jy, Lee HH, Park Y. Associations between dietary pattern and depression in Korean adolescent girls. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 2015;28:533–7. Available:

Maslowski KM, Vieira AT, Ng A, Kranich J, Sierro F, Yu D. Regulation of inflammatory responses by gut microbiota and chemoattractant receptor GPR43. Nature. 2009;461:1282–6. Available:

Berk M, Williams LJ, Jacka FN, O'Neil A, Pasco JA, Moylan S. So, depression is an inflammatory disease, but where does the inflammation come from? BMC Med. 2013;11:200. Available:

Qi L, Hu FB. Dietary glycemic load, whole grains, and systemic inflammation in diabetes: The epidemiological evidence. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2007 18:3–8. Available:

Dickinson S, Hancock DP, Petocz P, Ceriello A, Brand-Miller J. High–glycemic index carbohydrate increases nuclear factor-κB activation in mononuclear cells of young, lean healthy subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 200887:1188–93. Available:

Anonymous. Higher fiber saves lives, but food processing may remove benefits. University of Otago. Science Daily; 22 May 2020. Available:.Accessed September 30, 2020.

Tong TYN, Appleby PN, Key TJ, Dahm CC. The associations of major foods and fibre with risks of ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke: a prospective study of 418 329 participants in the EPIC cohort across nine European countries. European Heart Journal. 2020;41(28):2632-2640. Available:

Katherine D, McManus MS. Should I be eating more fiber? Harvard Health Publishing, Harvard medical school; 2019.Available:

Rahim ATMA, Choudhury R. Perceived role of dietary fiber in healthy diet and its intake pattern among educated urban population. Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition. 2006;18&19:61-68.

Selhub EM, Logan AC, Bested AC. Fermented foods, microbiota, and mental health: ancient practice meets nutritional psychiatry. J Physiol Anthropol. 2014; 33:2. Available:

Ahmed MT, Rahman SS, Islam MS, Rana AKM, Rahman MH. A comparative study of dietary fiber awareness, diseases and drugs interaction in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. Science Journal of Public Health. 2013; 1(5):194-200. Available:

Markland AD, Palsson O, Patricia S, Goode MSN, Kathryn L, Whitehead BJB, Whitehead WE. Association of low dietary intake of fiber and liquids with constipation: evidence from the national health and nutrition examination survey. American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2013;108(5): 796-803.

Islam SN, Khan MNI, Akhtaruzzaman M. A food composition database for Bangladesh with special reference to selected ethnic foods. Dhaka: Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Dhaka. National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme, Final Report. 2010;101.

Dharmayani PNA, Juergens M, Allman-Farinelli M, Mihrshahi S. Association between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Depression Symptoms in Young People and Adults Aged 15–45: A Systematic Review of Cohort Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18:780. Available:

Daud MN, Fadzil NI, Yan KL, Makbul IAA, Yahya NFS, Teh AH, Rahman HA. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dietary fibre intake among Malaysian rural and urban adolescents. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2018;24(1): 77-88.